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Famous residents of Friedeberg Neumark

1. Achaz Heinrich von Alvensleben - born October 6, 1716 in Zichtau, died April 3, 1777 in Strzelce Krajeńskie. A member of a well known Brandenburg noble family. He was a General, the commander of the dragoon regiment in Strzelce Krajeńskie. In 1733 he began his studies in Halle but quitted a year later and started his brilliant military career. In 1739 promoted to the rank of lieutenant. He was wounded in the battle of Małujowice in 1741. He took part in the battle of Sarbinowo in 1758, and was awarded the Pour le Merite order. In 1761 promoted to the rank of colonel, and two years later charged the regiment of dragoons in Strzelce Krajeńskie. He was promoted to the rank of general in the year 1766. He died in 1777 and was buried in the parish church. To honor their commander, his grateful soldiers funded an epitaph and a painting by Bernhard Rode. Alvensleben owned a half-timbered house in the frontage of the town's market. The house was bought by the administration in 1775 and became the new town hall.

 

2. Carl Friedrich Benkendorf - born 1713 in Lubicz, died in 1788. Studied bill of exchange law at the university in Halle. The Supreme Court in Berlin counselor since 1735. In 1742 he became the president of the Wrocław District. After certain irregularities have been revealed, Benkendorf was imprisoned for several years. He received a pardon in 1759. He became an agronomist, the owner of the Lubicz manor and author of numerous works on law and economy: Berliner Beiträge zur Landwirthschaftswissenschaft, 1771-85, 2nd edition 1789; Oeconomia forensis, 8 Bde. 1775-84; Der Landwirth in und nach dem Kriege, 1779 and others.

 

3. Franz Balthasar Schönberg von Brenckenhoff - born April 15, 1723 in Reidelburg upon River Saala, died May 21, 1780 in Gardzko. An outstanding Prussian official, since 1762 secret military and demesne counselor. He was responsible for reclaiming wetlands along the rivers Warta and Noteć. The commissioner of the works on the Bydgoszcz Channel. At the age of 15, von Breckendorf was sent to serve prince Leopold Anhalt-Dessau. In 1745, he was nominated prince's equerry and two years later Head of the Pension Chamber. At the same time he was the commissioner of works on reclaiming wetlands along The River Elbe. After that in 1762, he was appointed to rebuild two provinces of Prussia from the Seven Years war's damages by Frederick II. On the king's command he began works on the Bydgoszcz Channel in 1772. As a result of suspicion of malpractice, von Breckendorf was removed from his post and deprived of privileges and honors in 1786. He was the owner of numerous estates such as Licheń and Pławin. The leaseholder of the estate in Gardzko. His second wife was Elisabeth Gottliebe von Papstein, the daughter of the owner of the estate in Lipie Góry. Their marriage brought him three children. He died in Gardzko and was buried in the church in Licheń. After his death, the estates were confiscated by the king. The name Breckendorf was used to name some of the local villages: Pławno (Brenkenhofsbruch), Dierżązna (Brenkenhofsfliess) and Błotnica (Brenkenhofswalde). 

 

4. Paul Biens - born January 24, 1874 in Dębogóra (Eichberg). A German teacher and chronicler. On the basis of his works, he published a book of Neumark legends. (Heimatklänge - Sagen und Bilder aus der Geschichte der Neumark, 1908). He studied at the Strzelce College of Teachers  as well as in Neuzelle. In 1898-1900, he worked as a teacher in Giżyno (Giesenbrügge). Then, he moved to Lipiany (Lippehne), where he continued working as a teacher until 1931. He died in Lipiany on February 23, 1945. The author of such books on history as: Chronik der Stadt Lippehne und der umliegenden Dörfer (1908) oraz Der Kreis Soldin während der Zeit der Reformation und des 30jährigen Krieges (1908).

 

5. Max Dennert - born March 13, 1861 in Strzelce, died September 29, 1922. A German painter and sculptor. Primarily, he was educated by an artist called Lauger and an architect called Feyerabend at the Hannover School of Arts. Then, he was taught drawing by professor Klausbach in Hannover and by professor Herter from the Berlin Academy of Arts. Only after he turned 27, Dennert developed his interest in stone sculpture. He decided to join the Academy of Arts and settled in Berlin.  His most memorable works are monuments: the emperors Wilhelm and Frederick in Strzelce, a group of musicians in the fountain in Bremen, the sculptures in the Charlottenburg palace, and two monuments of the Sphinx at the entrance of the Krupp's residence.

 

6. Georg Karg - born August 2, 1888 in Strzelce, died 27 November 1972 in Bad Homburg. A German merchant, the son of a cotton manufacturer. In 1933 he becomes the manager of "Hermann Tietz-Warenhäuser" department stores which were given to his management as part of arianization. The department stores were one of the first general stores in Europe. In 1939-1940 Karg becomes the owner of the department stores, which from then on are called "Hertie". Since late 1941, apart from Josef Neckermann he was an equal co-owner of Zentrallagergemeinschaft für Bekleidung, which was the clothing provider for Wehrmacht and forced workers.

 

7. Albert Guse - born January 18, 1900 in Berlin, died in 1968. A German graphic artist, painter and teacher. He was brought up in Zeigst by the Baltic Sea. A graduate of the Strzelce College of Teachers. He was connected with the Berlin societies where he studied at the Academy of Arts. After coming back from his study travel to Italy Guse was a teacher at Arndt-Gymnasium in Berlin. He was famous from making landscape paintings of Strzelce as well as churches, manor houses and palaces from the region of Strzelce published in the 1920s in Heimatkalender für den Kreis Friedeberg. Since vast war damages and landscape transformation, his works are a priceless iconographical monument of the town and region's history.

 

8. Paul Kranz - born March 3, 1876 in Strzelce Krajeńskie, died February 28, 1930 in Chemnitz. A German architect nad academic lecturer. In 1883-1902, he studied at the Building School in Zerbst as well as the Technical Academy in Berlin-Charlottenburg, where he was the assistant of Christoph Hehl. During his studies he visited Austria, Italy, France, and Denmark but he finally settled in                             Charlottenburg where he co-owned "Köhler und Kranz" architectural company until 1914. He specialized in ecclesial, school and regular architecture as well as cemetery layouts. He moved to Chemnitz in 1919, where he conducted sketch classes until 1930 at the Municipal Building Academy. The establisher of the German Architects Association as well as the German Creative Association. He designed the Town Hall in Eberswalde (1900), the building of the Wilhelmshaven Gymnasium (1903), the church in Berlin-Tempelhof (1914), the Esche Factory in Chemnitz (1922) and the church in Neuwiese (1926).

 

9. Wilhelmine (Enke) von Lichtenau - born December 29, 1753 in Dessau, died June 9, 1820 in Berlin. Her father, Johann Elias Enke, was a court trumpeter and co-owner of an inn in Spandauer Strasse in Berlin. Since 1769 Wilhelmine was an official mistress of archduke and then king Frederick William II up to his death in1796. She gave birth to five king's children. In 1769 she was given a house in the garden of the Charlottenburg Palace as well as 30,000 thalers of an annual pay. In 1787 she wa given landed estates in Licheń and Pławin by the king. In 1790, she funded a church in Licheń which preserved up to these days. In 1782, Wilhelmine married count Friedrich von Rietz, who was the king's treasurer. In 1796, she was granted the title of countess von Lichtenau which was binding since 1794. After king's death she was accused of treason and imprisoned in a stronghold in Głogów and her estates were confiscated. In 1802, she went to Wrocław and remarried. In the Napoleonic tahoma, the countess was rehabilitated and her possessions partly returned. Von Lichtenau died in 1820 in Berlin, where she was buried.

 

10. Dr. Paul Müller - born April 12, 1878 in Frankfurt (Oder), died in 1957. Academic, for many years a teacher and headmaster of the Municipal Gymnasium in Strzelce. A devotee of regional history and values of the land of Strzelce. He settled in the town in 1905 and was employed at the local school. Müller created the Regional Museum in the Mill Gate in Strzelce. The author of a supplement to the second issue (1909) of the extensive history of Friedeberg by Carl Treu. The author of a book of legends and folk tales, a historical novel and numerous articles on regional history.

 

11. Ludwig Noster - born October 9, 1859 in Strzelce, died May 29, 1910 in Strzelce. A German portrait and landscape painter connected with the Berlin society. Noster's father Heinrich Noster, owned a little carpentry workshop in Strzelce.  Ludwig was educated at the Public School and at the Royal Gymnasium in Strzelce Krajeńskie Next, he moved to Berlin where he studied at the Academy of Arts where he became one of the closest co-workers of Adolph Menzel. Soon, the young artist went to study in Düsseldorf and the Netherlands. In 1885, he settled in Berlin and three years later he was offered the position of the Emperor's painter. In 1906, he was appointed as the professor of the Academy of Arts. Due to his health problems, Ludwig left to live in Edam in the Netherlands but then decided to come back to Strzelce Krajeńskie where he died and was buried. Ludwig Noster's most important works are the portraits of the emperor William II, prince Heinrich von Preussen, count Arthur von Possadowski, count Udo von Stolberg, or the industrialist Adolf Krupp.

 

12. Jan Merkelin - born before 1325, died approx. in 1400 in Strzelce. An Augustinian monk, monastic supervisor, acknowledged philosopher and theologian. He studied theology and philosophy in Italy and Paris. He mentioned Thomas of Strasburg and Johann Klenkok as his masters. Next, Merkelin becomes the lecturer of theology in the Augustinian monastery in Strzelce. Soon after, he was nominated the superior provincial of Augustinian monasteries in Pomerania, Prussia and Neumark. In 1380, Merkelin supervised Augustinian monasteries within the Monastic State of Teutonic Knights, where he became friends with Heinrich II Soerbom, the bishop of Warmia. The latter invited Merkelin to stay in the castle of Heilsberg where he studied the history of the Augustinian monastery. The last years of his life Merkelin spent in Strzelce, where he died and was buried. Merkelin was the author of Rationale operum divinorum, Sermones epistolares dominicales and Sermones de sanctis which indicate his substantial knowledge of philosophy and theology.

13. Hugo Prejawa - born June 24, 1854 in Dwarischken (district Gusiew - Gumbinnen), died October 26, 1926 in Strzelce Krajeńskie. A German building supervisor, author of publications on architecture. Before 1884 he married Anna Sohr, and had three children (Gertrud, Eva and Paul). On October 17, 1890, He moved to Diepholz (Lower Saxony). Seven years later He was transferred to Salzwedel (Saxony-Anhalt), where he was a district building supervisor until 1910. On May 15, 1910 transferred again, this time to Strzelce Krajeńskie, where he resided at Stadthofstraße 2 (ulica Wyzwolenia 2). He designer the modern building of today's Music School. He died in Strzelce after a long disease. The author of the following publications: "St. Marienkirche in Salzwedel" (1904), "Erbauung und Architektur der Klosterkirche zu Diesdorf" (1905) as well as "Die Burg Erxleben" (1907), and "Das Mühlentor in Friedeberg Nm (1918)".

 

14. Max Ludwig Rehmann - born January 28, 1842 in Karwin, died February 10, 1922 in Gorzów. The son of the manor owner in Karwin. He studied history and philology at the universities in Halle and Berlin. In 1872 he achieved a degree of PhD in philosophy. In 1881-1904 he worked as a lecturer of Latin and French at the Gymnasium in Strzelce. Having retired, he moved to Gorzów. One of the establishers of the Neumark History Society, the author of numerous scientific works and press articles on regional history. The chairman of the local scientific board and the editor of the society's publications.

 

15. Hans Adam von Schöning - born 1641 in Dąbroszyn, died 1696 in Dresden. A Brandenburg-Prussian military man, a field marshal. In his youth he was educated at the universities in Wittenberg and Strassburg and traveled across Western Europe, resided at courts in Paris and London. In 1664, after the death of his parents, he returned to the country and inherited the family possessions including the estate in Brzoza. In the same year he joined to an order of St John of Jerusalem. He also began a brilliant army career, taking part in campaigns in Pomerania and Ducal Prussia.  As recognition to his accomplishments he became the commander of the stronghold in Spandau. Von Schöning distinguished himself particularly being in charge of the Brandenburg contingent during the Turkish wars. His siege of Buda gave him the title of field marshal. As a result of a feud with marshal von Barfuss during the Rhine campaign, he turned to serve the court of the Saxon Elector. Unjustly arrested and imprisoned, he was personally rehabilitated by emperor Leopold I. Ailing, he died in Dresden in 1696 and was buried in the church in Dąbroszyn. Hans Adam von Schöning was the owner a landed estate in Brzoza. Until 1945, a goblet with an inscription engraving founded by him was preserved.

 

16. Prof. Karl Richard Bruno Schulz - born  February 24, 1865 in Strzelce Krajeńskie, died April 1, 1932 in Berlin. He was an architect, a scientist and an academic lecturer. In 1983 he was appointed a certified construction engineer (Regierungsbaumeister). From 1897 to 1897, during his studies he made a journey through Iran. He was an employee of the Ministry of Public Works until 1900, in the land building department. In 1899-1900, he studied ecclesial  buildings on the Torcello Island near Venice. In 1900-1904, he conducted German archeological excavations in Baalbek. He became a professor  of the Technical University in Hannover in 1904, where he lectured on ancient and Renaissance arts.

 

17. Prof. Dr. Walther Stuhlfath - born 1887, died 1974. A German philosopher, scientist and teacher, the author of numerous scientific publications on didactics and teaching methodology. In 1918-1925, the lecturer and deputy head at the Strzelce College of Teachers. Next, for many years, he was a lecturer at Higher Colleges of Teachers in Elbląg, Szczecin and Flensburg. The supervisor of Colleges in Eastern Prussia. The organizer and participant of numerous teaching conferences.

 

18. Carl Treu - born 1817 in Gorzow, date and place of birth of death unknown. The mayor of Strzelce in 1855-1873. The initiator of building of the Neorenessaince Town Hall building in the market square frontage in 1872. After 1873 he settled down in Recz, where he probably died and was buried. The author of the monograph on the town and county: Geschichte des Stadt Friedeberg in der Neumark und des Landes Friedeberg, Friedeberg 1865.

 

19. Wilhelm Uhde - born in 1874 in Strzelce, died in 1947 in Paris. A German lawyer, art historian and collector. Studied law in Munich and Switzerland from where he moved to Italy and developed his interests in arts. In 1904, he settled down in Paris and opened his art gallery. Soon after, he started purchasing pieces of arts created by unknown artists such as Pablo Picasso or Georges Braque. A promoter of "naive painting", the discoverer of works of Henri Rousseau's (called The Tax collector)  and other representatives of that current. In 1908, the organizer of exhibitions of cubists and impressionists. The author of many biographies (Picasso, van Gogh and others).

 

20. Erich Arthur Emanuel Wernicke - born April 20, 1859 in Strzelce, died May 20, 1928 in Berlin. A German immunologist and microbiologist, the discoverer of the diphtheria serum. In 1879-1883 Wernicke studied medicine at the Military Medical-Surgical Academy and at the University of Berlin. In 1885 he got a degree of Doctor of Medicine. In 1890 he co-worked with the later Nobel prize winner- Emil Behring during the works on the diphtheria vaccine. In 1896 he became professor and a year later Behring's deputy at the Faculty of Hygiene at the University of Marburg. In 1899-1908 he resided in Poznań where he was the President of the Medical Academy. After WW1 Wernicke lived in Gorzów where he established the Medical Research Institute. The author of numerous books: Verbreitung und Bekämpfung der Tuberkulose in Posen., 1903; Die Immunität bei Diphtherie, 1904 and others.